What is an Emerald?


Have you thought about collecting emeralds? Or “what is an emerald?”. Emeralds are precious gems that can be found in various shades of green. Emeralds are considered one of the three primary colored precious gems, the other two being rubies and sapphires. Many kings and queens have fallen in love with the deep greens, including Cleopatra.

What Makes Them Rare?

Emeralds are a variety of beryl with impurities that turn the gem green; they get their color from contaminants like chromium, vanadium, or both. Natural emeralds are so rare because the combination of minerals needed to create them is rarely found together. Many of the minerals required can be found in entirely different depths of the earth.

how is an emerald formed?
0.48ct Square Facet


There’s no way to have an emerald without a multitude of inclusions. Emeralds are considered a Type 3 Gem. The environment in which they are formed is scorching and volatile, leading to many inclusions. Their atmosphere makes flaws in emeralds extremely common and is still used in jewelry. Pure emeralds without flaws are too rare and expensive for the average collector to afford. Some inclusions can make a gem look more attractive, but this is often left to individual opinion.

Gem Treatments?

Gem treatments are an essential part of the gem industry. Treatments such as oiling, for example, are an industry-accepted practice. If your emerald is oil-treated, it will need re-oiling every few years to keep it looking its best. You can take your gem to a trusted jeweler to ensure this is done correctly. Emeralds that have a resin treatment instead of the traditional oil won’t need re-oiling. These resins will only come out of the stone through soaking in solvents.


Emerald is considered the May birthstone. People used to believe they brought riches, power, and eloquence. They were also assumed to improve memory and sharpen your wits as a gem. In the west, they are often associated with the planet Venus.

Collecting Gems

Like any gemstone or coin, collecting emeralds can be a fantastic hobby. It should be noted that when used in jewelry, never use an ultrasonic cleaner; because of its flaws, they can fracture. Instead, use a soft brush, warm water, and detergent.

Many people like to buy and collect beautiful lost gems without putting them into jewelry. Instead, they use some display case. Below is a link to all of the emeralds we have for sale.


Published by East Liberty Coins and Gems

East Liberty Coins & Gems. We are an online Precious Metal & Gem Dealer. We carry Bullion, Numismatics coins, Ancient coins, and Precious gems (Emeralds, Rubies, and Sapphires/Coming in 2022). All orders ship from Halifax NovaScotia, Canada.

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